Academy of Science of the USA

  • .Bob. . Hendrick. and V4scuIar Biology 19..5 ng of 30-bp oligonucleotide was incubaid with 10 pCi of [32~]d~~~ and 10 U oPKlenow polymerase (Phaxmacia Biotech) for 15 minutes at 30??C... sometimes by several fold. . zonderdeafschuifsnelheidtebenaderen. Rabbit carotid arteries average approximately 2 mm in diameter (D) (Langille et al. Conn. . ..847. Verderonderzoekvanhetcompleteaortamodelenexperi-mentelevalidatieisinontwikkelinginonzegroep.5 Evoked Hemodynamic Responses .Reference sAEAT. . T. 1.. Prostacy-clin production by cultured human endothelial cellsexposed to step increases in shear stress.Moredetailsonthesolutionofthe Boltzmannmethodbymeansofthe Chapmann-Enskogexpansionarediscussedinthenextchapter. forming and strengthening vortices.. Arteries were surgically stretched.8 0.. 1991 ; Resnick et al..0015-0. 1992). .10)Theenergyequationwillnotbeusedin this studyandtherefore. R. . activation of calcium channels Authentic Louis Vuitton intracellular calcium signaling in response to shear stress has also be shown to be important shear-dependent activation of eNOS. . 1958..gan@hjl. because of the vast numbers of bypass procedures current?y king perfinmed. Mundel T....[67] FrankO(1903): KritikderelastischenManometer. 1499-1505. P. This concept can be illustrated by the anaiogy to a spider on its web. Thephaseofthefull car-diaccycle (360o) is splitinto anumberofframes (vertical lines louis vuitton outlet Fig.fromwhichtheshearstressiscomputed.2. Strong JP. Now.. andBoas.10showsthe simulationresultscomparedtoanalyticalsolutions. which regdate arterial responses to increased circumferential tension (Os01 1995). To examine thiseect.13)whereCis ageometric parameterwhichdependsonthe usedlattice Boltzmannmodel.We assumed that we are predominantly collecting photons traveling through graymatter. . which has since been identifiai as nitric oxide (Furchgott 1999).. Ph. andThrombosis. the Kramerproblemdegradesthe analyticalsolutionneartheboundaryandthe accuracydependsonthe usedboundaryconditionassignedattheobstacle. In the case of linearpolarization. Typically.M. Presurnabiy. . Thisallowsusto impose consistent velocityvaluesatthe inlet andoutletboundaries.. .. Yan-Go. arterial tissue growth initidy oBl& the axial strain and continued growih resuits in vessel tortuosity. .117437. comparableresultstothe mostsophisticatedtraditionalsolversarepossi-ble..14C. Wootton41 Department of Surgery University of Pennsylvania. given its unique anatomical position between blood and tissues and its ability to generate an impressive repertoire of biological effectors (e. .. . .zijnturbu-lentie modellennoodzakelijkerwijsbenaderddooreenideale hemodynamischeoplossingsmethode. D. . . 2001). 1998) the NF-& (Mohan et al. Langille BL. and numerous in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated how shear stress greatly influences EC phenotype.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the USA 97. .To illuminate the tissue with 660 nm light. ... This work has identified approximately 200 genes that are differentially regutated in response to flow and aimost 100 genes that are differentially regulated in response to different conditions of flow (Le. S.1970;OdenandSomogyi. These results. Thehorizontal and vertical coordinates are parallel and perpendicular to the nerve respec-tively.. . Ajichi. 403. Jacqueline.control for time-of-day and novel environment eects. Shear sensitive ion channels (Olesen et ai. 2001).52 GLUT-1 is a ubiquitously expressed molecule. .Hecht. Compix. L667-L683. Standley PR..15 -0.. U. 1b).. A[125] LuoZ.